Kyrgyz Educational System

Venera Myrzabaeva, a 22-year-old Kyrgyz Republic university student, explains the cultural pressure on Kyrgyz women to marry by the age of 25 to female Airmen from the Transit Center at Manas during the Women’s Club discussion at the American Corner in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, Feb. 17, 2012. More than 30 female students and faculty members attended this week’s cultural exchange. Topics discussed included marriage, children, career goals and life regrets. Venera is studying linguistics at the university. (U.S. Air Force photo/Master Sgt. Tracy L. DeMarco)

After gaining independence in 1991, the Kyrgyz Republic is gradually changing its old formed Soviet educational system while the authorities are paying more attention to improving its effectiveness. The education system in the Kyrgyz Republic is constantly changing and requires implementations of new and successful approaches from educational systems in other countries, both in primary and secondary schools, as well as universities and other academic institutions. In the Kyrgyz Republic there are more than two thousand schools throughout the country, which are attended by over 1 million students. All schools have switched to eleven years of study. However, after graduating from the 9th grade, students can transfer to vocational schools, in which they receive additional education and pursue a specialty. This allows them to get a job in their chosen specialty.



More than 60% of schools in the Kyrgyz Republic are located in rural areas, and there are often not enough teachers in some subjects. Therefore, it is not uncommon for students to move to schools in cities, including the capital, Bishkek. Schools in the cities provide more advanced education and their graduates can enroll not only in local higher educational institutions, but also in foreign ones. Often they go to study abroad in other countries. Kids can start attending a regular school from the age of 7. At the same time a new trend is emerging in the country: private schools which allow kids to start studying from the age of 4 or 5. In addition, these schools conduct preliminary tests to determine the abilities of prospective students and decide whether they can be accepted.



If the conditions and qualifications of a school satisfy the parents, and, most importantly, if it has a good reputation, they send off their children to that school. For instance in Kyrgyz Republic the Sebat educational institution, which was founded by Turkish mentors associated with the Turkish independent educational system, is successfully operating. Despite the fact that in order to educate a child in the schools of this system, it is necessary to pay a decent amount of money, there are more and more willing people to do so. There are 16 comprehensive schools throughout the country and their pupils and graduates are becoming winners of various competitions among schools on local and even international levels. This means that they received recognition not only from the official authorities, but also from the majority of Kyrgyz society.



Moreover, other private educational institutions are being created in the country, such as the Cambridge School and the Oxford School in Bishkek. There, teaching and instructions are mainly conducted in English, with emphasis on the introduction of new educational methods. Their popularity is also growing, although studying there is even more expensive.



Higher education in the Kyrgyz Republic is also gradually changing. All universities have moved to a two-stage education. At the first stage, students study for 4 years and receive a Bachelor’s degree. Then those who wish to continue studying in a specific discipline have to study for two additional years and can defend a master’s thesis to become a Master of Arts.


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